Scientific Names of Vitamins: Vitamins are the essential substances for normal growth of our body. These are required in very small amounts by the body hence these are also called micro nutrient . Like every chemical substances vitamins have also scientific names. This topic is very important from examination point of view.

Scientific Names of Vitamins

Common Name of the VitaminsScientific Name of the Vitamins
Vitamin A                Retinol
Vitamin B1      Thiamine
Vitamin B2               Riboflavin
Vitamin B3             Niacin
Vitamin B5            Pantothenic Acid
Vitamin B6          Pyridoxine
Vitamin B7           Biotin
Vitamin B9 Folic Acid
Vitamin B12         Cobalamin
Vitamin C Ascorbic acid
Vitamin D Calciferol
Vitamin E Tocopherol
Vitamin K Phytonadione

Classification of Vitamins

Vitamins are classified in two classes i.e Water Soluble Vitamins and Fat Soluble Vitamins. Among 13 Vitamins 9 Vitamins are Water Soluble and 4 Vitamins are Fat Soluble.

Fat Soluble Vitamins

  1. Vitamin A
  2. Vitamin D
  3. Vitamin E
  4. Vitamin K

Water Soluble Vitamins

  1. Vitamin B1  
  2. Vitamin B2 
  3. Vitamin B3 
  4. Vitamin B5    
  5. Vitamin B6     
  6. Vitamin B7
  7. Vitamin B9
  8. Vitamin B12 
  9. Vitamin C

Vitamins and Minerals Deficiency Diseases – Scientific Names of Vitamins

Vitamins are essential micro nutrient that are required by body in very small amount but deficiency of which causes diseases.

VitaminsDiseases Caused
Vitamin ANight blindness
Vitamin B1Beriberi
Vitamin B2 Ariboflavinosis
Vitamin B3 Pellagra
Vitamin B5 Paresthesia
Vitamin B6 Anemia
Vitamin B7 Dermatitis, enteritis
Vitamin B9 Megaloblastic anemia
Vitamin B12Megaloblastic anemia
Vitamin C Scurvy, Swelling of Gums
Vitamin DRickets & Osteomalacia
Vitamin ELess Fertility
Vitamin KNon-Clotting of Blood.

Important Questions asked about Vitamins

Q.1 Which Vitamin deficiency causes Scurvy diseases?

Ans: Vitamin C

Q.2 Niacin is the scientific name of which vitamin?

Ans: Vitamin B3

Q.3 Which vitamin is helpful in blood clotting?

Ans: Vitamin K

Q.4 Deficiency of which vitamin causes non-fertility in females?

Ans: Vitamin E

Q.5 Which is the first artificially synthesized vitamin by human?

Ans: Vitamin C

Q.6 Which vitamin helps in absorption of calcium by bones?

Ans: Vitamin D

Q.7 Rickets is caused by deficiency of which vitamin?

Ans: Vitamin D

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